This unique national park was created in
1961 surrounding the region of Lake Nakuru. Lake Nakuru
National Park is best known for thousands, sometimes millions,
of flamingos that rest on the shores of Lake Nakuru. The
surface of this shallow lake is hardly recognizable due to the
continually shifting mass of pink. However, the size of the
flamingo flock varies according to water and fish supply. The
lake itself takes up 27% of the park. In the 1990s the water
levels dropped dramatically but have since recovered. The best
vantage point for watching the flamingos is from Baboon Cliff.
Dominated by a gentle, undulating terrain
with open bush and woodlands, the park contains about 550
different plant species, including Euphorbia, which are tall
cactus-like trees, and acacia woodland.
The park was recently enlarged, partly to
provide for sanctuary of black rhino, and it is now the best
place in Kenya to see this endangered species. As of 2009,
there were reported more than 25 black rhino, one of the
largest concentrations in the country. There is a large
population of white rhino as well. Other wildlife include
waterbuck, zebra, Rothschild's giraffe, lion and leopard.
Large-sized pythons inhabit the dense woodlands and can often
be seen crossing the road or dangling from trees.
In 1960, this region became Kenya's first
bird sanctuary. Over 300 species of birds inhabit this region,
and the introduction of a species of salt-tolerant
Tilapiagraham for mosquito control opened the way for many
more species of fish-eating birds.
Rivaling Amboseli as Kenya's
second-most-visited national park, this unique region of Kenya should
not be missed. Visit Lake Nakuru National Park on our Kenya Wildlife Week.