In the morning we enter the center of the Ancient world, “The Omphalos
” (Navel of the Earth). On the slopes of Mt. Parnassus, in a landscape of unparalleled beauty and majesty, lie the ruins of the Sanctuary of Apollo. Visit the Treasury of the Athenians the Temple of Apollo
and the Museum containing such masterpieces of ancient Greek sculptures as the bronze Charioteer and the famous athlete Aghias.
was a major site for the worship of the god Apollo after he slew Python, a deity who lived there and protected the navel of the Earth and the Delphic Oracle, the most important oracle in the classical Greek world. Apollo’s sacred precinct in Delphi was a panhellenic sanctuary, where every four years athletes from all over the Greek world competed in the Pythian Games, one of the four panhellenic games. Delphi was revered throughout the Greek world as the site of the Omphalos stone, the center of the earth and the universe.
The Pythia was the priestess presiding over the Oracle of Apollo at Delphi
. The Pythia was widely credited with giving prophecies inspired by Apollo, giving her a prominence unusual for a woman in male-dominated ancient Greece. The Delphic oracle was established in the 8th century BC. Its last recorded response was given in 393 AD, when the emperor Theodosius I ordered pagan temples to cease operation. During this period the Delphic Oracle was the most prestigious and authoritative oracle in the Greek world One common view has been that the Pythia delivered oracles in a frenzied state induced by vapors rising from a chasm in the rock, and that she spoke gibberish which priests reshaped into the enigmatic prophecies preserved in Greek literature. Delphi
is included on the UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
Later, we will drive to the nearby village of Arachova for lunch. Arachova is famous for its traditional textiles, olive trees and vineyards from which a fine black wine is produced. Arachova's weavers continue their traditions with hand looms and natural stain colors. Local savories such as marmalades, sweets, and local drinks are also made traditionally. Arachova is also a great place to shop the locally produced brightly colored shoulder bags and rugs. In the evening drive to Rafina Port (the second largest of Athens) where we will spend the night in order to catch an early morning ferry the next day. Overnight Rafina