Spanning across 5,700 square miles of
savannah, the Serengeti National Park is a valued destination
both for safari lovers and migrating herds of wildlife.
Located in the northern region of Tanzania, bordering Kenya
and its Maasai Mara Game Reserve, the Serengeti is not only
Tanzania's oldest national park, but also holds large numbers
of a vast array of wildlife. It was declared a partial game
reserve by the British in 1921 due to the over-hunting of
lions, and in 1929 it became a full game reserve.
The diverse palate of the Serengeti
landscape provides habitats for many different wildlife. The
almost treeless grasslands of the Serengeti Plains provide the
perfect habitat for breeding wildebeest during the Great
Migration. Black clay soil covers a swamp savannah, making a
home for Nile crocodiles, colobus monkeys and martial eagles.
Elephant, giraffe and dik dik could be found in the open
woodlands and hills.
The region also holds the largest
population of lions due to the abundance of prey species
available. The increase in numbers of wildebeest and zebra
provide them with enough sustenance to thrive in this erratic
climate. The intense rains bring lush vegetation to the
Serengeti, but the gradual onset of the dry season forces many
of the migrating herds to continue on to greener
In order to preserve the wildlife
populations in the Serengeti, the resident Maasai people who
lived on the plains were relocated to the Ngorongoro
Highlands. UNESCO has declared the park a World Heritage Site
and the region has been great interest not only to tourists
but also to researchers. Dr. Bernhard Grizmek did aerial
surveys of the region's wildlife which resulted in the
best-selling classic, "Serengeti Shall Not Die".
Experience the beautiful landscapes and
exciting wildlife encounters in the Serengeti National Park on
many of our Tanzania safari vacations.