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About Spain

Spain is an extremely diverse country – both culturally and geographically – and shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal at the western end of the Mediterranean Sea. Friendly inhabitants, decadent and diverse cuisine, vibrant nightlife, white sand beaches, UNESCO heritage sites and world-famous festivities make Spain a popular destination for travelers.

Bound by the Pyrenees mountains to the east, the Atlantic Ocean on the north coast, Portugal to the west and the Strait of Gibraltar and Mediterranean Sea to the south. Spain's perimeter is mountainous, the mountains generally rising from relatively narrow coastal plains. Spain’s landscapes vary from lush meadows and snowy mountains to huge marshes and deserts.

Though the culture, language and religions of Spain are largely European and rooted in the influence of the Ancient Roman Empire, great local diversity is an important part of Spain's essence. The people of hamlets, villages, towns, and cities hold unique local identities that are rooted in perceived cultural differences made evident in folklore and symbolism. Spain has produced many famous and influential artists including Velázquez, Goya and Picasso, and has a thriving and eclectic gallery and museum scene.

There are three main climate zones in Spain, and visitors can generally expect a Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. The vast central plateau, or Meseta, has a more continental influenced climate with hot, dry summers and cold winters. Rain generally falls mostly in spring and autumn.


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